Architectural Significance

The Collings-Knight House is the best-preserved and most publicly accessible regional example of a Federal style farmhouse built to resemble an expanded Colonial home, a style considered unique to the vicinity of Newton Colony. Toward the end of the 18th century, several nearby one-room-over-one-room colonial houses received larger Federal-style additions. Two other homes of this type still stand in neighboring communities: the Ephraim Tomlinson House in Lindenwold (1790) and the Stoy House near Crystal Lake in Haddon Township (1813). Apparently, these houses were so aesthetically pleasing that they became a favored style in the area for new construction.

The Collings-Knight House is most convincing: different window styles, an off-center chimney, and a broken roof line led amateur and trained architectural observers alike to conclude that this was a two-stage house. Persistent research proved otherwise: interior clues pointed to one-time construction near the end of the first quarter of the nineteenth century. The discovery of the original building contract confirmed that the house was built all at one time, in 1825. Alterations have been minimal, leaving most of the original fabric intact, and the fine interior Federal detailing reinforces the significance of the house as a historic resource appropriately listed on the National and New Jersey Historic Registers.

                        Corner Keeping Room fireplace and restored plaster walls & ceilings